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Understanding More About HIE

Oftentimes, brain cells injury takes place in the event that the oxygen supply to the brain isn’t adequate. Some cells might just be able to recover but some of it may die. A common cause for oxygen deprivation to the brain is low oxygen levels in the blood or perhaps, reduced flow of oxygen to the brain. This can just happen in various ways like before birth, during birth process, after birth and at times, even during childhood.

Perinatal asphyxia, perinatal encephalopathy, neonatal encephalopathy or birth asphyxia are actually some of the alternate diagnosis for this condition. In reality, HIE injury can happen in two stages, one of it is that it can happen almost immediately after oxygen deprivation and the other is when the normal oxygenated blood circulation has resumed to the brain. This is otherwise referred to is reperfusion injury and happens as toxins are being released from damaged cells.

There are countless of parents who are still puzzled what and how HIE. On the What part, you may be surprised that there are so many causes for HIE and these include near SIDS events, cardiac arrests, placental blood clots, aneurysm rupture, cord prolapsed, trauma during delivery, extremely low maternal blood pressure, true umbilical knots, placental abruption, uterine rupture, placental insufficiency, shoulder dystocia, cord compression, fetal maternal hemorrhage and maternal blood clotting disorders.

For the diagnosis of HIE in newborn baby, they do this by utilizing various diagnostic tools and one of it is Sarnat Scale. This is basically based on how the baby looks like after injury or birth or presentation at hospital. In addition to that, it can be diagnosed as well through imaging similar to MRI, ultrasound and EEG while other health experts are checking for cord blood gas levels.

Before devising a treatment plan for HIE, it will be necessary to know some criteria first. More often than not, it has shown to reduce disability and death as well to perform cooling or therapeutic hypothermia. The cooling treatment is whether you believe it or not the most used and most popular treatment used. Well of course, it isn’t the only treatment used as there are many of them used across the globe.

When it comes to therapeutic hypothermia, it could be done through a cooling cap placed on the head or by cooling the entire body. While the newborn is on their recovery period, they may be given with other medical intervention to support organs.

On the other hand, the ratio of babies affected by HIE annually is around 2 to 3 in every 1000 full term births.
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